Bay Essential Oil
Latin name: Pimenta racemosa
Synonyms: Myrcia acris, myrcia, bay, bay rum tree, wild cinnamon, bayberry, bay leaf (oil)
Plant family: Myrtaceae
Extraction: Steam distillation from the leaves
Origin: West Indies, particularly Dominica.
Plant characteristics: Wild growing tropical evergreen tree up to 8 meters high, with large leathery leaves and aromatic fruits,
Bay Essential Oil characteristics: dark yellow mobile liquid with a fresh-spicy top note and sweet balsamic undertones.
Traditional use: The West Indian Bay tree is usually grown together with the allspice or pimento bush in groves. These are then dried and crushed together to form a powder for the preparation of the household allspice. The Bay Rum tree provides the basic ingredient for hair tonic.
Blends well with: Lavender, Lavandin, Rosemary, Geranium, Ylang ylang, Citrus and spice oils.
Cautions and comments: Moderately toxic due to high eugenol content – also a mucous membrane irritant – use in moderation only. Does NOT cause dermal irritation or sensitization like Bay laurel.
Main chemical constituents: Eugenol (up to 56%), myrcene, chavicol.
How to Use
4-5 drops in bath, on tissue or in a vaporiser. 15 drops in 50ml carrier.
WARNING – do not apply undiluted or internally. Keep away from children and eyes. Store in cool, dark place.